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continued from back cover 

ing a "ton" of research, and shared the manuscript of the 
results with us. Her premise: while Charles Lutwidge 
Dodgson was at Oxford, he interacted with the Neo-Platonists 
and this especially shows in the Sylvie and Bruno books. 

Dodgson came from a family background that was 
moderately High Church. However, at Oxford he came into 
contact with Bishop Wilberforce and Theosophy, a philoso- 
phy which postulates the oneness of the human soul with 
the universal soul. That Dodgson was active in the 
Ashmolean Society and the Theosophical Society was evi- 
dent in his personal library, which also included materials on 
Gnostic mysticism. 

These movements were a reaction to the cold phi- 
losophy of empiricism, and gradually mutated to spiritual- 
ism. A soul will establish a "gnosis" or union with Christ. 
Dodgson had always been repelled by ritualism as opposed 
to the doctrine of love. He was also repelled by the doctrine 
of eternal damnation. Thus he stepped into the unitary phi- 
losophy that all things are connected by God's love. 

In Sylvie and Bruno, Dodgson tried to explain this 
both to himself and about himself One can trace the unitary 
philosophy from Elias Ashmole [1 7th century British alche- 
mist, author o/The Way of Bliss and fr)under of Oxford's 
Ashmolean Museum], wherein one can contact reality in a 
region of pure truth. Materialists, said Prof. Ackerman-Ballou, 
cannot approach this. Dodgson shared this concern about 
limiting his vision to material things. The fairy duet in the 
book demonstrates this philosophy, as well as the narrator's 
disquisition on the church service as an end in itself. 

The character of Sylvie shows in her song, "For I 
think it is love...." It was an older and more spiritually evolved 
Dodgson who wrote Sylvie and Bruno as opposed to the 
Alice books. Love is now the centerpiece of his spirituality. 
The narrator quotes Plotinus, a founder of mystic thought. 
The medium of beauty, universal intelligence, and the uni- 
versal soul overshadows us and the essence of immortality 
is beauty itself. 

Professor Ackermann-Ballou ended her talk by 
pointing out that Through the Looking Glass is the founda- 
tion in Dodgson's writings for the expression of these be- 
liefs, and Sylvie and Bruno was the house he built upon it. 

The next order of business was the election of offic- 
ers for the coming two year term. The slate offered was as 

follows: President Joel Birenbaum; Vice President Stephanie 

Stofifel; Secretary Ellie Luchinsky; Treasurer Francine Abeles; 
and Board Members Donald Rackin and Kathleen Rossman. 
There were no nominations from the floor and the slate passed. 

In other news, Katsuko Kasai, Anne Clark Amor, 
and Sarah Stanfield are beginning a project to restore the 
graves of Dodgson's siblings, Edward and five sisters. They 
will raise money by selling tapes of readings. Where and 
how to order them will be in a subsequent Knight Letter 

Joel announced that the next meeting will be at New 
York University on April 19, 1997. It will coincide with the 
ABA book fair, £ind will honor Martin Gardner. At the end of 
October, 1997, we will meet at St. Johns University in 
CoUegeville, Minnesota, which will coincide with the first 
"Conference on Creativity". This will be the beginning of the 
centennial commemoration of Dodgson's death. 

The next speaker was Professor George P. Landow 
of Brown University, talking about the Victorian Website he 
has sponsored and the glories of hypertext. His background 
includes a Master's degree from both Princeton and Brandeis, 
and a doctorate from Princeton. 

The thrust of his talk concentrated on the differ- 
ence between fixed text, that is the printed word, and hypertext. 
A thousand years ago, he reminded us, students learned by 
taking dictation of ideas and texts in school. The way things 
were thus taken down were difficult to read. There were not 
even spaces between words until about 1000 A.D. It was 
believed that students should not be allowed to read to them- 
selves, as they could get into trouble. When the printed word 
became available, educators worried that education would 

Professor Landow emphasized that computing is 
not an alien technology. The most dangerous technology is 
language written down. It is a case of loss and gain. Texts, 
when printed, are "dead", unchanging, and the memories of 
people who depend on reading them become weaker. Chaucer 
was distorted by being printed. Also, printed books were 
considered ugly. Books could decay, were copied over and 
accidentally changed, in a sort of "scribal drift". 

It was a new idea to disburse as many books as 
possible. The world of modem scholarship depends upon a 
uniform text. 

In the elecfronic world of "Cyberspace" and the 

Hagar the Horrible by Chris Browne 

yoi}'(ze Ma\/ii^ ^o\vav 

eUA^K AMP TM^N fO(2 

HAVIn'^^A ^NA!2K 
\\^\\-X yo\S^t WA^\^(B^ 

m tAf^U-'^'^r^'?^^ l^JAS ^■ ^oajvtK^^eo 566!" ^r- g^^^MfU- 

World Wide Web, we have to work with the network text in 
that we can all add something. This has changed the concept 
of authorship. There is now a fluid notion of what an author 
is. Writing is an exotic and exciting achievement, and elec- 
tronic writing through codes is fundamentally different from 
the past. It is there, but not there. 

With the electronic book we sacrifice physical plea- 
sure, such as curling up with a good edition. However, the 
electronic book has a very practical use. For example, the 
instruction manual for a 747 jet weighs more than the jet 
itself. Having the book on-line saves space, time, and the 
aggravation of updates. With the electronic book, we have 
lost the concept of the origin of materials. We can no longer, 
for instance, trust photographs. Art can lose its uniqueness. 
The electronic book can be duplicated infinitely and sent 
anywhere instantly. 

Prof. Landow showed a student's term paper, which 
was published on the Internet. Here the text can include sound 
and motion. Since it is digitized, it can become hypertext. The 
reader can look at footnotes, consult other books, and other- 
wise participate in the term paper, without leaving her chair. 

He then gave a brief history of hypertext 
multisequential writing, which, he pointed out, is becoming 
more like medieval writing, where the visual is also a part of 
the text. 

We all then jumped into Cyberspace for a tour of 
the Victorian Web ( 
hypertext/landow/victov.html). Professor Landow ended by 
inviting contributions to his web site. Instructions are on the 
site. [You were expecting a printed copy, maybe?] 

A Yiddish Jabbenvocl^ 

[August's inquiry about Yiddish translations of Carroll ma- 
terial led me to contact my godfather, Professor Leonard 
Wolf, a respected Yiddish poet and translator Although there 
are no known projects to translate the Alice books (aside 
from the young student mentioned in KL 51), he did find this 
translation of "Jabberwocky" by Rafael Finkel of Lexing- 
ton, Kentucky ( It is posted in its He- 
brew characters at http://www. cs. uky. edu/~raphael/yiddish/ 
jabber html and reproduced with his kind permission in both 
scripts. ] 

Der yomervokh 

Levi karol 

ibergezetst: Refoyl finkl 

s'iz brilik geven. di shlikhtinke toves 

hobn gevirt un gevimlt in vobn. 

gants mimzish geven di borogoves; 

di mome-ret hot oysgegrobn. 

— dokh hit zikh fam yomervokh! 

tseyn vos zey khapn; kreln-shpits! 

fam yubyub foygl hit zikh; 

vaykht fun froymdikn bandershnits! 

er nemt in hand dem vorpler kling 

dem soyne hot er lang gezukht. 

gerut arum an eyts-tumtum, 

fartrakht, hot es gedukht. 

beys shteyt er in gedankn oyf, 

der yomervokh, mit fayer-oygn, 

mit vifek kumt durkh tulgikn vald, 

geburblt beys gefloygn. 

eyns, tsvey! eyns tsvey! mit vey, mit vey, 

der vorpler shverd makht shnoker-shnik. 

er shekht im op, un mit zayn kop 

gelompik geyt tsurik. 

— geteyt hostu dem yomervokh? 

nem mikh arum, mayn beymish kind. 

o yontef groys! khalayn, khaloys, 

er tshortlt un er zingt. 

s'iz brilik geven. di shlikhtinke toves 

hobn gevirt un gevimlt in vobn. 

gants mimzish geven di borogoves; 

di mome-ret hot oysgegrobn. 

.psn I'S t)'?D'Tlj;j pH t?T11UJ pHH 
.pHIJUJO'lH tjsn t?u-i-yD«D '1 

!-]STnyD«* pyr -)'' ^"^ l^"" — 

!p-s\2;-i'7U-ip ;)S)SD -r osn ps 

;Tt vr\ '7y^s 3V3V jiss 

!p-ji2;-iy-i)«3 p'-iD'ns ps iddvh 

.ODnyj vvb ly osn n)w ovn 

.Dit3Dit3-py li? 011^ tjnyj 

.ODnyj oy o«n .ODSitJ-iHS 

.«l"iH )pjy-iyj ]•« -iy vow ny3 

,]j'is"iy:r o'd ,i«inyDH' -ly-i 

,n'7STi ip-j'^itj -|-ii-i tJDip pys'Ti b'o 

.p'l'^syj nya tD':?3-myj 

••11 O'D "ll tl'D !"11S C'K '"Tl'i .OyH 
.p-W—\VpH)W ODSD JJ^'?p -iy'?s-)v,ii -ii,'-I 

9sp p VD ps .sx O'M tjoyir -ly 
.p-iis tj-j p^5o^'?yj 

7l«Ti-iyos^ Dvn iDOsn vvvi — 

."irp wD"n ]"D ons -]-o dv) 

©•fryiD r-':'HJ 'o-nj 5it3-Dv y 

.virf ~iy ]is o'T'CiiHutj iy 

oyuMtJ i.'pn^n^':'!:' -i ,)ynyj p-':?--)^ rs o 

.psn I'M tJ':'0'Tiyj ps e-i'iiyj pyn 

.0yTi>tjv<-is3 -I |yiiyj \LnD->D pJSJ 

.psijyjo^is t?sn ey-i-yoso -\ 

Ravings from the Writing Desk 
of Joel Birenbaum 

I lappy New Year! Ihis wish may come a little late, 
but it is my first opportunity. I think the next two years will be 
very exciting, with all the activity surrounding the centenary 
ofCarrolTs death in 1 898. To give you a flavor of a side effect 
of a Jewish upbringing, I'm already worried that we will have 
a letdown in 1 999. It's never too early to start worrying. 

Our Spring meeting will be at New York University 
and promises to be an especially interesting one. For one, we 
will be celebrating the contributions of Martin Gardner to the 
popularity of Lewis Carroll in a talk by Fran Abeles. There 
have been several events over the years that have caused 
spikes in the interest level in Carroll. These include the expi- 
ration of the copyright of Alice s Adventures in Wonderland 
in 1 907, the centenary of Carroll's birth in 1 932, the publica- 
tion of The Annotated Alice in 1 960, the publication of "The 
Wasp in a Wig" in 1 977, and the centenary of Carroll's death 
in 1998. The last is a bit of forward thinking on my part. I'm 
not sure that Martin Gardner's book in 1960 wasn't the one 
that did most for increasing Carroll's popularity. Martin is the 
first to say that others have done much more in the area of 
Carroll scholarship, but I think no one has done more to 
bring the Alice books to a new generation. 

Rounding out the program for the Spring meeting 
are Jeff Ellis and Chatham Ewing, both addressing us for the 
first time. Jeffs talk will be on the Victorian photographic 
process, using Carroll's photo of Agnes Weld as a reference 
point; Chatham will speak on the Carroll's humor- talks which 
promise to be informative and entertaining. Again we will be 
reminded of the multifaceted nature of Carroll's genius. 

As luck would have it, the Esperance Theatre 
Company's production of "My Alice" will be showing at the 
Hamlet of Bank Street Theatre located at 1 55 West Bank Street 
in the West Village. This description comes from the theater 
group advertising: "'My Alice' is the haunted love story 
between Mr. Carroll and his 'ideal friend,' Alice Liddell. The 
playwright explores Carroll's obsession with Alice while docu- 
menting his journey to becoming a renowned poet and au- 
thor It is a brilliant integration of Charles' fantasy life (through 
the poignant appearances of the characters in the Alice 
books) and his reality." Performances run April 1 1-20. We 
will be getting a group of tickets for the 8:00 p.m. perfor- 
mance on the night of our meeting, Saturday, April 19. Spe- 
cific information will come with the meeting notice. 

There will be also be readings from Carroll's works 
for children at the Donnell Library on the day after our meet- 
ing Sunday, April 20. This event is being sponsored by our 
Maxine Schaefer Outreach Fund. Books will be given to the 
children and the library. 

Meanwhile, for book lovers, the Antiquarian 
Bookshow will be on at the Armory while we are in town. 

The Fall meeting will mark the opening of the cente- 
nary celebrations. In order to allow for many of us to attend 
several of the centenary celebrations, they have been dis- 
tributed over a year's time. This meeting will be in conjunc- 

tion with a Conference on Creativity to be held at St. John's 
University in Collegeville, Minnesota. The conference titled 
"fhe Creative Imagination of Lewis Carroll" will feature 
LCSN A charter member and the author of a marvelous recent 
biography, Morton Cohen, and also our own Professor Fran 
Abeles. Some of the events scheduled are a production of 
Alice 's Adventures, a concert of music inspired by Carroll's 
work, talks on Carroll's thoughts on how committees make 
decisions and his theories on logic and mathematics, a Mad 
Hatter's Tea Party, and much more. Students will be involved 
in giving presentations and planning creativity "stations". 
The conference will take place on Friday and Saturday, Octo- 
ber 17-18. We will make arrangements for lodging etc. for 
those who can attend for the entire time. I implore you to 
consider planning a trip to Minnesota to join us. I think the 
atmosphere will be that of a Lewis Carroll retreat, away from 
the big city (but not so far away that you can't hop over to 
Minneapolis/St. Paul). 

Everyone is heartily encouraged to participate in 
the Carroll centenary celebrations both here and abroad. They 
may be the last major Carroll celebrations in our lifetime. 

For those who didn't understand the answer to the 
"Why is a Raven like a writing desk?" riddle in the last issue, 
here is the explanation. The answer was, "Each in its own 
way is a dark wing site". Well a Raven certainly has dark 
wings and "a writing desk" is an anagram for "dark wing 
site". That is another fine answer that Carroll never intended. 
Check out our website for even more! ! 


"But just when custom and 

ceremony should most incline me 

toward worship, I may have to 

contend with a fit of the giggles. 

Was that what ailed Lewis 

Carroll, I wonder? Religion and 

mathematics, two realms in 

which humour seems to be 

wholly out of place, drove him to 

write the Alice books." 

Robertson Davies 
The Rebel Angels 


"Stephanie Bolster's first book of poetry. White Stone: the 
Alice poems, draws its inspiration from the icons of Alice in 
Wonderland and the real Alice Liddell. The collection is forth- 
coming from Signal Editions/Vehicule Press (Montreal) in 
Spring 1998. In 1995 she won the Bronwen Wallace Award, 
given to the most promising Canadian poet under thirty-five 
who has not yet published a first book. She holds an M.F.A. 
in Creative Writing from the University of British Columbia. 
Originally from Vancouver, she currently lives in Ottawa." 
The following poem was previously published in The 
Capilano Review, Series 2, No. 2, Winter 1 994, a literary jour- 
nal published in North Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. 

25 April, 1856 

First the flood of chemicals, 

collodion and silver nitrate, 

then forty-five long seconds 

of stillness, and you only four 

and quick. Did you meet through a simple 

raising of eyebrows, curious: 
you about these two tall men 
with cumbersome paraphernalia, him 
about these three little girls 
playing in the Deanery garden? 

He was twenty-four then, did not choose you 
as his favourite until the Adventures 
six years later. But something began 
that afternoon, marked in his diary 
with a white stone. What would hatch 

out of it? Your brown hair a thatch, straight 

across the forehead, your blue eyes 

tight buds. Spring everywhere threatening 

to open you both: tense and ticking 

in the unfurling garden, during the long exposure. 

Babble, indeed 

KUBARK Counterintelligence Interroga- 
tion, the secret C.I. A. handbook on interro- 
gation, published in 1963 and recently declas- 
sified, according to an article in the New York 
Times, February 9, 1997, contains the follow- 
ing description: "The Alice in Wonderland 
technique is designed not only to obliterate 
the familiar but to replace it with the 
weird.... A double-talk question is (followed 
by) a wholly unrelated and equally illogical 
query.... day after day.... The subject begins 
to try to make sense of the situation, which 
becomes mentally intolerable. Now he is 
likely to make significant admissions, or even 
pour out his story, just to stop the flow of 
babble which assails him." 

TTLG Chess Set 

Children's illustrator, sculptor, and doll-, figurine-, 
and jewelry-designer Jacqueline Bardner Smith of Cape Coral, 
Florida has crafted a loving tribute to Lewis Carroll in the 
form of a unique chess set entitled "Through the Looking- 
Glass". It's been a twenty year labor of love. 

All sixteen pawns are different characters; an ex- 
quisitely rendered Carroll himself is the White Knight; the 
Queens and Humpty Dumpty are kittens (as Alice "prattled 
on" to Dinah about in TTLCs last chapter). The pieces (4"- 
6" high) are hand-painted cold cast porcelain and are set on 
an etched, mirrored glass game board. 

Jacqueline has two handmade sets and all the molds, 
and would be happy to hear from any LCSNA members who 
are curious about the set, or who have any ideas about de- 
veloping and marketing this as a product. Concepts, Etc. 
1 342 SE 1 2th Terrace, Cape Coral FL 33990. 94 1 .772.4 1 54. 

I. eaves from the Deanery Garden 

I am a graduate student of linglish Literature at the Univer- 
sity of Milan and I am about to prepare a project involving 
the Italian translations oi' Alice in Wonderland dwd the criti- 
cal writings since its publication. I am trying to track down all 
Italian editions. 

My work is still in an embryonic stage, that is, I'm collecting 
information and trying to find a fi-amework. The work must be 
original (nothing or almost nothing must exist on the same 
subject) and very circumscribed. Part of it will be about the 
translations, of course: my teacher wants me to work on all 
the editions but it would take me a thousand years to do it. I 
had thought about working on one chapter, but still when I 
have looked everywhere for all existing editions, how can I 
be sure that I have found ALL of them? I may miss the most 
important or the most original, that's why I need a framework 
in which to place the information. I had thought about com- 
paring some editions (let's say every 10 years) together with 
the theories about how society sees tales and fables in that 
period. But that looks like a far-away nebula: too many plan- 
ets to explore. 

I will be very grateful for any suggestions and any help is 
more than welcome. 

Lucia Franchini 


1-221 00 Como, Italy 

I have been wondering for some time whether anyone has 
ever taken the trouble to undertake serious research con- 
cerning Lewis Carroll's miniature psychological theory (which 
he puts forward in Feeding the Mind) about attention and 
learning. It would be quite interesting (I think) to know how 
much of this theory is correct (or rather: how much of this 
theory is supported by current psychological theory and 
research). Personally, I would find it rather surprising (as well 
as slightly disturbing) if a theory, invented by someone with 
no real psychological knowledge (which is not surprising, 
considering the fact that psychology as a science hardly 
existed yet in Carroll's lifetime), would be really accurate, 
especially since this theory is based largely on introspec- 
tion, a notoriously unreliable source for scientific theory. I 
would be really grateful for any correspondence on the sub- 

Eric Rietzschel 

H. Cleyndertweg 5, kamer 4 

1025 DE Amsterdam 

The Netherlands 


"Or was it Llandudno?" Further to the comment headed "Or 
was it Ina?" (KL 53) about the note by Lewis Carroll's niece 
Violet Dodgson, preserved in the Guildford Muniment Room, 
this document, headed "Cut pages in diary" (slightly differ- 
ent from your version) aroused great interest during the 1 996 
summer weekend of the l.ewis Carroll Society, held at Guildford 

The "illegible" words in Karoline Leach's transcript are quite 
clear in the original. Perhaps the page is worth quoting in its 

Cut pages in Diary 

Vol 8 Page 72 - Alice not improved by being laid up. 

Vol 8 Page 92. L.C. learns from Mrs. Liddell that he is 

supposed to be using the children as a means of paying 

court to the governess - He is also supposed by some to 

be courting Ina. 

Vol 1 1 Page 1 1 - is about S.H.D. 

Does anyone know what the "business with Lord Newry" 

was which put L.C. out of "Mrs. Liddell's good graces" 

Some would argue that the answer to the latter question is to 
be found in Lewis Carroll's diary entry for 25 May 1862: 
"Talked to Lord Newry about the difficulty the College are in 
about the ball: the two parties cannot agree on the rules and 
I am afraid much ill-feeling will result." 

However, having helped censor that entry from the notes 
made available to Roger Lancelyn Green, for his 1954 version 
of the diaries, one is leflt wondering why Violet Dodgson 
needed to pose her question, if that was indeed the answer. 

Even more intriguing is the fact that Viscountess Newry spent 
much of the summer of 1 862 at Winson House, Llandudno, at 
the opposite end of the street leading to Dean Liddell's new 
holiday home, Penmorfa. According to local tradition, voiced 
at least as long ago as 1898, that was the summer during 
which Lewis Carroll also visited Llandudno. Was Viscount- 
ess Newry accompanied on her visit by her 20-year-oId stu- 
dent son, Francis Charles, Lord Newry? Alas, the diary that 
might help us is missing. 

Dean Liddell took possession of the completed Penmorfa on 
16 August 1862 (contrary to the nonsense written by the 
Dean's biographer, the Reverend H.L.Thompson) and he and 
his family used the Llandudno house for many years, selling 
it in 1 873. At the nearby Church of Our Saviour a memorial 
font to the Reverend C.L.Dodgson was dedicated in 1912. 

Unfortunately, Llandudno's very definite links with that 
golden age were promptly side-stepped in 1933 when some 
well-meaning but ignorant benefactors gave the town its 
White Rabbit memorial (outside the Dean's former house) 
claiming it was there that Carroll was inspired to write his 
Alice books. That ridiculous inscription, unveiled by local 
Member of Parliament David Lloyd George (the Prime Minis- 
ter during World War I) still stands, blinding CarroUian schol- 
ars to the interesting truth behind the local folk memory. 

Yours Sincerely, 

Ivor Wynne Jones 
Llandudno, North Wales 

I was interested in "A Poem and Two Limericks" on page 3 of 

the Knight Letter, No. 53. The poem you cite is the initial 
stanza of the first main word of the first riddle. However, the 
first line reads, "Yet what are all such gaieties to me?". I 
believe this must be the correct line because the one in the 
newsletter [printed as "Yet what are all such thoughts to 
him? "] does not have the proper rhythm, nor does it follow 
the rhyme pattern which Carroll almost invariably used. 

This may be very trivial, but it bothered me. I had no idea the 
formula could be solved. 

The two mathematical limericks, fortunately with the proper 
way to read them on page 9, are also fim. Thanks for printing 


Elizabeth Erickson 
Phoenix AZ 

Mea culpa. Quis custodiet ipsos custodes? 

Thank you for the limericks on page 3 of AZ #53. They are 
fabulous. Thanks again. In my defense [the writer was mock- 
ingly "accused" of ignoring us; actually, we were hoping 
he might speak at some future gathering], let me say that 
during the last 25 years whenever I gave a talk on Lewis 
Carroll I used an overhead projector and one of my transpar- 
encies and one of my hand-outs advertised the LCSN A. 

One query: did the second Alice story take place on Novem- 
ber 4 because of EC's interest in contrasts and opposites? In 
a way November 4 is the opposite of May 4. They are exactly 
six months apart: there is no date on the calendar further 
away fi"om May 4 than November 4. 

One other thing: please keep up the good work. 


Robert Mitchell 
Department of Mathematics 
Rowan College of New Jersey 

Thank you, Bob. The date question has been addressed in 
Martin Gardner 's classic Tlie Annotated Alice (AW Chap- 
ter 7, note 4 and TTLG Chapter 1, note 1). He also points 
out that AW is a sunny, outdoor book, while TTLG is wintry 
and indoors. May 4 was of course Alice's birthday (and 
November 4 her true "un-birthday"?) . But why should we 
believe her? The hatter said she was 'two days wrong" 
even though his was not the most reliable of watches. " 'What 
a funny watch! ' she remarked. 'It tells the day of the month, 
and doesn 't tell what o 'clock it its!'" This was before the 
advent of digital watches. 

A final contribution: 

I used to think math was no fun 
Could never see how it was done 
Now Euler 's my hero 
And I dig why 
Ise"'+ 1 

I am a novelist who has written a fantasy set in Victorian 
England, titled Lorien Lost. If you will permit me, I'll tell you 
just a little about it, as I suspect that enthusiasts of Carroll 
will find this book of particular interest. 

My fascination with Carroll's work goes back as far as 1 can 
remember. Though it might sound odd to say that a world as 
bizarre and bewildering as Wonderland feels like home to me, 
there is a sense in which it really does, even now, as an adult. 
I am deeply fond of that land, and that fondness was one of 
the wellsprings upon which I drew my inspiration to write 
Lorien Lost. Other inspirations included George MacDonald 
and Charles Dickens. I find myself drawn to the Victorian era 
and the particular kind of fantasies written at that time. In the 
early development of the novel I decided that the story I 
most wanted to tell somehow belonged in that setting, and 
needed to be told in the same spirit. 

My editor immediately identified my enthusiasm for Carroll - 
and, I was glad to learn, shared it. She devised a graphic 
design which resembles 19th century fantasy novels - a 
squarish hardcover illustrated with 50 black and white en- 
gravings, and featuring on the cover a painting by the En- 
glish Victorian painter Myles Birket Foster. I'm truly pleased 
with the design, as I feel it accurately reflects the mood and 
tone of the story. 

Lorien Lost has just been released and is available in book- 
stores. Its home page is 
home.html, and I thought you might like to visit the site. 


Michael King 

/ look forward to reading your novel - it has garnered rave 
reviews from The Washington Post, Kirkus, Ray Bradbury, 
and a host of others. A Wyatt Book for St. Martin's Press, 
$22, 0-312-14349-4. 



P^ Sc 

The Universe in a Handkerchief, Lewis Carroll 's Mathemati- 
cal Recreations, Games, Puzzles, and Word Plays by Martin 
Gardner, New York: Springer Verlag/Copemicus, 1996. 0-387- 
Comments by Francine F. Abeles 

As Mark Burstein wrote in his review (KL 53), 
Gardner initially wrote the work for The Pamphlets of Lewis 
Carroll, an ongoing series of volumes published by the 

This book is the culmination of Gardner's writings 
on Carroll's games and puzzles, an enterprise he began in 
March 1 960 in the "Mathematical Games" column of Scien- 
tific American that he editied from December 1 956 until De- 
cember 1981. As Burstein described the book, it contains 
facsimiles of some of Carroll's obscure pamphlets, but errors 
too. We can be grateful to Gardner, now 82, for completing 
the task and even forgive him for the editing flaws. 

Gardner's affmity for Carroll is widely known, and 
his gift, insightful commentary giving the background for 
each piece, encourages the reader to try his hand at the 
puzzles. One of these, a "syzygy", is illustrated below. 









If you're curious about rules for this word chain, or 
want to know who Carr is, you'll have to read pp. 1 44 - 7 and 
68 - 70 of Gardner's book. 

[My somewhat disparaging remarks on Gardner 's latest opus 
were in no way meant to reflect any disrespect for the great- 
est of all Carrol lian scholar/mathematicians. My admira- 
tion for his ouvre knows no bounds.] 

The Hunting of the Snark: Second Expedition by Peter 
Wesley-Smith, Cherry Books, P.O. Box 258, Camperdown 
NSW 2050, Australia. 
Review by Stephanie Stoffel 

Ersatz Lewis Carroll has almost as long a history as 
the real thing: over a century separates Eva 's Adventures in 
Shadow-Land from Alice Through the Needle s Eye. The 
legion of NeocarroUian offerings ranges from outright rip- 
offs through honest attempts to write in the genre to the 

loving hommages of admiring 
fans. Peter Wesley-Smith's volume 
seems to belong in the last cat- 

Billed as "An Ecstasy, in 
Eight Fits and Starts", it opens by wrapping up the particu- 
lars of the original journey, which, distressingly, only the 
Billiard-marker and the Broker survived. The conceit of the 
second hunt is that a Candlestick-maker, disgruntled at hav- 
ing been left behind by his companions, the Butcher and the 
Baker of the nursery rhyme, organizes an expedition of col- 
leagues who all are known by names beginning with "C". 
These comrades, including a Cartographer, a Contralto, and 
a Crocodile, assemble; search unsuccessfiiUy and all but 
uneventfully; and finally, in the midst of regretting their hu- 
bris, stumble across their quarry. 

This book is a pleasant enough entertainment, re- 
plete with references and in-jokes for admirers of The Hunt- 
ing of the Snark. The humor depends largely on a number of 
puns (a guitar frets, no turn is left unstoned) and on some 
mild absurdity. As Elizabeth Sewell led her audience to con- 
clude at a past LCSNA meeting, true nonsense is hard to 
create and harder to define, though like so many things, we 
know it when we see it. Mr. Wesley-Smith has not managed 
the alchemy of wit, whimsy, amorality, and logic required to 
concoct Carrollian nonsense; still, CarroUians and collectors 
will want this little confection. 

[/ don 't believe Peter 's ambition was to create a work on a 
par with the original. For me, he has succeeded in creating 
an amusing piece of versification, which also has some quite 
engaging illustrations. De gustibus and all that. ] 

A Meager Organ Rant 

Jack the Ripper: "Light-hearted Friend" by Richard 
Wallace. Gemini Press. 0-9627195-6-0 
Review by Terbium Snark 

Readers looking for a textbook case of abnormal 
psychology or an exhibition of how excessive, ah, self-indul- 
gence may damage the brain need seek no farther than Rich- 
ard Wallace, whose vile, purulent spewings are the diseased 
projections of an enfeebled mind. Taking refuge in the last 
possible resort of the clueless reinterpreter, he probes with 
anagrams, of all things, the "revelations" inherent in the text 
which "identif(y) famous children's author Lewis Carroll as 
the vicious killer [Jack the Ripper] who retaliated against co- 
ercive parents who abandoned him to years of sexual abuse 
at public school." (see 
jackripper/ if you must). 

Anagrams as a tool of scholarhip are worthless out- 
puts of "Clever Dick"s, and a far cry from anything intellec- 
tual and even further from anything intelligent. We are all 
fond of them in their recreational aspects, but Richard Wallace 
("arched claw liar" ) flailing away with an "anagram genera- 
tor" (whose scrambled letters provide the title of this article) 
hardly constitutes much substantive proof 

There is a long history of such spurious research. 
There was, for instance, Oedipus in Disneyland, which inter- 
preted the Alice books as the secret sex diaries of Queen 
Victoria. It was a tongue-in-cheek rendering, full of ribaldry 
and drug-flieled madness, and was quite amusing. Twenty 
years later, the author, David Rosenbaum, no longer hiding 
behind the pseudonym "Hercules Molloy" but coming out 
as "The Continental Historical Society", published Queen 
Victoria s Alice in Wonderland, which had completely lost 
its sense of himior, took itself far too seriously, and became 
merely irritating. Similarly, Dr. Abraham Ettleson's take on 
A W and Through the Looking-Glass Decoded, which also 
employed anagrams to "prove" that Dodgson was Jewish, 
are somewhat enjoyable for their inherent silliness. But this 
present book is malicious, obscene, disgusting and infuriat- 
ing. Wallace claims to be a "child psychologist". I wouldn't 
let any children within miles of him. 

The Lewis Carroll Review (of books) 

This fine small-format publication has recently been 
launched (4 issues to date) and comes with normal member- 
ship in the (British) Lewis Carroll Society. It is edited by Alan 
White from membership contributions. Enquiries to The Re- 
views Editor, 69 Cromwell Road, Hertford, Herts, SGI 3 7DP, 
U.K. The Lewis Carroll Society can be reached at Acorns, 
Dargate, near Faversham, Kent, MEl 3 9HG, U.K. 

/Aia-morata Redux 

The redoubtable Ms. Karoline Leach is at it again. 
After "proving" that Dodgson had eyes for Alice's older 
sister Ina, she has now recanted her former position and is 
convinced that the "Ina" in question was not Alice's sister, 
but her mother! Be prepared for another media onslaught 
similar to the outcry when it was "proven" that Queen Victoria 
wrote the Alice books. 

In the January 12, 1997 issue of The Sunday Times 
(London), an article entitled "The Curiouser Case of Alice's 
Mother", says "In a break with current biographical trends, 
where authors specialise in unearthing the unusual sexual 
peccadilloes of the famous dead, the latest study of the Vic- 
torian writer will reveal that he had surprisingly orthodox 
tastes: he had an affair with his boss's wife. . .Carroll's secret, 
according to Karoline Leach, author of a new biography of 
the writer, was not that he fancied Alice, but that he had an 
adulterous affair with her mother, Lorina Liddell. 

The affair was a closely guarded secret since a scan- 
dal could have ended the young Carroll's academic career, as 
well as imdermining the standing of Henry Liddell at Christ 
Church. . . 

She is holding back most of her discoveries until 
her book. In the Shadow of Sin, is published by Peter Owen 
to coincide with the 1 00th anniversary of Carroll's death next 
winter. ...'There is no other indication of interest in Alice's 
14-year-old sister and Carroll never showed much interest in 
adolescent girls. He did enjoy the company of mature women, 
but he also was a snob... the governess would simply not 
have done.' said Ms. Leach. 

The mother of the Liddell family was, according to 
her contemporary, the painter W B Richmond, 'remarkably 
beautiful, of a Spanish type'. She was only five years older 
than Carroll who, despite his stutter, was regarded as some- 
thing of a witty dandy in Oxford circles. This was in contrast 
to Henry Liddell who, 1 4 years older than his wife, worked at 
the same desk for 50 years and even by Victorian standards 
was regarded as dull and stuffy. 

'Carroll was never a paedophile, latent or otherwise. 
His life and creativity were shaped by a traumatic relation- 
ship with an adult woman, whom I believe to be Lorina Liddell. 
Other scholars have swallowed the post-Freudian line but, 
seen with an unbiased eye, there is at least as much evidence 
pointing to a more conventional sexual pathology.' 

There was also the evidence of a mysterious meet- 
ing between Carroll and Liddell at Guildford station, in true 
Brief Encounter fashion. There the couple were disturbed 
apparently discussing whether she should take a summer 
home on the Thames, closer to his family home in Guildford. 

The move never took place. But Leach says she 
now knows how and why the relationship exploded in 1 868. 
'Let us just say it all happened very quickly and was deeply 
painful for the writer. And it was nothing to do with concerns 
that he was growing too close to Alice.'" 

Ms. Leach's "evidence" is a scrap of paper claimed 
to be in the handwriting of his niece, and purported to have 
been found in the family archive at Guildford. As it is written: 

"There's more evidence to come yet, please your 
Majesty," said the White Rabbit, jumping up in a 
great hurry: "this paper has just been picked up." 

"WTiat's in it?" said the Queen. 

"I haven't opened it yet," said the White Rabbit, but 
it seems to be a letter, written by the prisoner to — to 

"It must have been that," said the King, "unless it 
was written to nobody, which isn't usual, you know." 

"Who is it directed to?" said one of the jurymen. 

"It isn't directed at all," said the White Rabbit; "in 
fact, there's nothing written on the outside." He 
unfolded the paper as he spoke, and added, "It isn't a 
letter, after all: it's a set of verses." 

"Are they in the prisoner's handwriting?" asked 
another of the jurymen. 

"No, they're not, said the White Rabbit, "and that's 
the queerest thing about it." (The jury all looked 

Consider your verdict... 


Liddell and Scott's Greek-English Lexi- 
con in its ninth edition, with a revised 
supplement, is being published by 
Clarendon Press, Oxford. 1 .800.45 1 .7556. 

Semiotcs and Linguistics in Alice's 
Worlds, Walter de Gruyter, 1 994, ed. by 
Rachel Fordyce and Carla Marello. is the 
fascinating proceedings of an interna- 
tional conference. 3-1 1-013894-8. 

Fata Morgana by William Kotzwinkle, 
Marlowe & Co. 1996, a metaphysical 
mystery, has a cover design which fea- 
tures the Julia Cameron photograph of 
Alice as an adult. It's uncredited. 

Alice 's Adventures in Wonderland, Il- 
lustrated by Jeff Fisher, Bloomsbury 
Classics, 1995 0-7475-2284-X. ". . .most 
original and innovative... deceptively 
simple solid black shapes that are at the 
same time subtly expressive." - Alan 
White in Lewis Carroll Review (LCR). 

Lewis Carroll: A potrait with Back- 
ground by Donald Thomas, John 
Murray, 1996, 0-7195-5323-7. "While 
Thomas offers us no real new insights 
into Charles Dodgson. . .the promise of 
the books subtitle fulfills itself The his- 
torical splashes deserve a read."- Mor- 
ton Cohen in LCR 

Academic Articles 

Journal of the American Psychoana- 
lytic Association, Vol. 14, No.2, April 
1966. "Altered Body-Ego Experiences: 
A Contribution to the Study of Regres- 
sion, Perception, and Early Develop- 
ment" by Michael A. Woodbury dis- 
cusses AW. Vol 22, No. 1, 1974 "The 
Metaphor of the Mirror" by Leondard 
Shengold discusses TTLG. 

Mathematics Magazine, Vol. 69, No. 3, 
June 1996. "Proof of a Conjecture of 
Lewis Carroll" by Norbert Hungerbiihler. 
Dodgson's conjectural diary entry 
about infinitely many three equal ratio- 
nal-sided right-angled triangles has 
been proven. 

Philosophy and Literature, Vol. 20, No. 
1, April 1996 contains "Secrecy and 





Autonomy in Lewis Carroll" by Susan 
Sherer of the University of Virginia. 

Natural History, Vol. 105, November 
1996. "The Dodo in the Caucus Race" 
by Stephen Jay Gould discusses meta- 
phor and evolution, based on Carroll's 

Journal of Experimental Psychology: 
Learning, Memory and Cognition, Vol. 
22, No. 2, 1 996. "Language-Driven Con- 
cept Learning: Deciphering Jabber- 
wocky" by Angel Cabrera and Dorrit 

International Journal of Mechanical 
Sciences, Volume 39, No. 1, 1997. "In 
support of Todhunter: Euclid and his 
Modern Rivals by Charles Lutwidge 
Dodgson (1832-1898) alias Lewis 
Carroll" by W. Johnson. [Isaac 
Todhunter was a 19th century textbook 
writer & science historian. ] 

The Threepenny Review, Winter 1997 
"Some Notes on Reading" by Robert 
Pinsky explores the nature of reading 
through his relationship v^'iih AW. 

Places and Events 

Through the Looking Glass is "a won- 
derland of clothing and gifts for chil- 
dren" at the Powers Ferry Square Shop- 
ping Center in Atlanta GA. 

Abracadabra! Children's Theatre in At- 
lanta GA presents a new stage version 
of^W^for kids 3-8. Weekends through 
April 14th. 1.404.897.1802. 

The Alden Theater in McLean, Virginia, 
is presenting a young actor's produc- 
tion of AW May 2 - 11th, and a Mad 
Hatter Tea Party on May 10th. 

The Puppetworks, Inc. present AW at 
Park Slope theater in New York, week- 
ends until mid- April. 1 .7 1 8.965.339 1 . 

The Alice in Wonderland Ballet will be 
performed by the Sarasota Ballet of 
Florida at the Van Wezel Performing Arts 

Hall at Florida State University on April 
18 -20 at 2 and 8 PM. 94 1.359.0771. 

"Hunting of the Snark" Potluck #7: 
"Seek it with thimbles and care; pursue 
it with forks and hope (and spoons, 
knives, plates and cups). The Crew 
lands at Burton Chace Park's Picnic Shel- 
ter in Marina del Rey, California at 6:30 
pm on Tuesday, April 1st, 1997. Sierra 
Singles Leader Rich Boothe will host 
this seventh sort-of-annual Potluck 
Supper and recitation-cwm-reading of 
Lewis Carroll's mad epic poem, TTie Hunt- 
ing of the Snark. Everyone is welcome." 
Contact Richard M. Boothe at R O. Box 
74 1 444, Los Angeles, C A 90004-9444 or 

The Miller South School for Visual and 
Performing Arts in Akron OH will 
present AW May 30-31. It is billed as 
being faithfiil to the text with no Look- 
ing-Glass characters running around. 
With orchestral accompaniment, dance 
sequences, and a Mad Tea Party pre- 
ceding the performance on Saturday 
night. Call 330.374.02 1 6 for information. 

Travelers passing through Florence 
(Firenze), Italy might wish to stop at the 
Dali collection in the Museo Santa Croce 
to visit his Alice lithographs. The "girl 
with a rope" motif running through his 
illustrations to AW is seen in sculptural 
form, with a bare-breasted woman with 
flowers replacing her head and hands 
titled "Alice au Pays des Merveilles" 


The Lewis Carroll Discussion Board is 
finally here. The URL is http:// 


"The Rabbit Hole" has a new item, a 
model of the Liddell family holiday home 
in Llandudno as it was in the 1 860s. The 
house was called Penmorfa in those 
days, although today it is The Gogarth 
Abbey Hotel. The model stands ap- 
proximately 1 6 cm high and 1 4'/2 cm wide, 
and bears the title on the base "Alice 

Liddell's Home, 'Penmorfa', 
Llandudno". It is very detailed, natural 
dark stone in colour, with muted green 
tinting of grass and shrubs. The sculp- 
tor is producing "Penmorfa" as a lim- 
ited edition (500) and the price is £35.00, 
plus post/packing. Further information 
from: Muriel & Murray Ratcliffe, The 
Rabbit Hole (Llzindudno) Limited, Alice 
in Wonderland Centre, 3 & 4 Trinity 
Square, Llandudno, North Wales, LL30 
2PY. Tel/fex (01 492) 860082. Email alice@ or check out on 
the Web. 

"Miyukichan in Wonder- 
land" Laser Disk. "Miyuki 
wakes up a bit late and when 
she hurries to school she is 
overtaken by a girl in a bunny 
suit on a skateboard. Sud- 
denly a hole in the sidewalk 
opens up..." Fans of Japa- 
nese anime may wish to in- 
vestigate this. It's apparently 
a bit risque in sections. The 
OVA LD and drama CD are 
available through Sony En- 

11 "x 14" Holograms of Alice 
going through the looking- 
glass and the Jabberwock are 
available for $1 36 each from 
Holograms & Lasers Interna- 
tional, 1200 Mckinney, Suite 
433, Houston, TX 77010. 

High-quality "celebrity" 
photographs of "Carroll, 
Louis.. .(who) wrote Alice's 
Adventurews in Wonder- 
land" [sic] may be ordered in sizes from 
8x 1 to 1 1 X 1 4, matted and/or framed ($ 1 5 
- $60, depending) from The Artists Proof, 
7405 Colshire Drive, McLean, VA 22 1 02. 
1 .703 .82 1 .0997 or 

The Disney Magic Thimble Collection 
includes Alice on a mushroom . Sub- 
scriptions to the 24 thimbles ($ 1 7-25 each 
with s&h) from the Lenox Collections, 
PO.Box 3020, Langhome PA 19047- 

An Alice cashmere and silk scarf of a 
1920 C.F.A.Voysey design in the prints 
and drawings collection of the Victoria 

and Albert Museum is available for $ 1 95 
from Museum Collections, 100 Enter- 
prise Place, PO.Box 7103, Dover, DE 

"The Maxx" is a mentally disturbed 
homeless man who lives in parallel uni- 
verses and whose animated adventures 
are on MTV and in comic books pub- 
lished by Image. Issue #28 is purported 
to be an Alice parody. 

The A W Deck & Book Set mentioned 
last issue has won a "Dr. Toy 1 00 Best 

Henry Fumiss's "Peter and Paul" from Sylvie and Bruno 

Children's Products 1 996" designation 
for its publisher, U.S.Games Systems of 
179 Ludlow St., Stamford CT 06902. 

Special Events 

Fantasies of studying with our 
favorite Don at Oxford are within reach 
in two distinguished programs occur- 
ring in the autumns of each of the next 
two years. 

University Vacations is stag- 
ing a week-long (non-credit) course 

"Alice: The Oxford History of Children's 
Literature" August 10-16, 1997 at Ox- 
ford and include living accommoda- 
tions, field trips, social gatherings, and 
so on. Dr. Gillian Avery will discuss 
children's fantasy writers of the 1 9th and 
20th centuries, emphasizing Carroll, and 
including Grahame, Milne, Barrie, 
Kipling, Tolkien, Lewis, and Potter. 
Member Elizabeth Erickson attended 
their 1 993 gathering and called it "abso- 
lutely wonderful". U.S. Headquarters: 
International Building, 10461 NW 26th 
Street, Miami FL 33 172. 
1.800.792.0100. Summer 
Brasenose College, Ox- 
ford, England OX 1 4 AJ. 

The Lewis 
Carroll Centenary 
Programme in associa- 
tion with the Lewis 
Carroll Society (Great 
Britain) and the Depart- 
ment for Continuing 
Education, Oxford, is 
planning "A week of 
entertainment, visits 
and talks. . .open to lov- 
ers of Alice the world 
over. The occasion will 
provide a rare opportu- 
nity to visit places as- 
sociated with Lewis 
Carroll and Alice at 
Christ Church, not nor- 
mally open to the pub- 
lic. These include the 
Deanery, the Deanery 
Garden, Library, Lewis 
Carroll's Rooms, Cathedral, Cathedral 
Garden, Tom Tower, together with sig- 
nificant places in and around Oxford. 
Talks will be given by eminent members 
of the Lewis Carroll Society who will act 
as hosts throughout the programme." 
August 1 6-22, 1 998. £645 per person (in- 
clusive of fiill board at Christ Church 
and all associated talks and events; with 
a discount of £1 00 for LCSNA members). 
For a brochure, contact Liza Denny at 
The University of Oxford Department 
for Continuing Education, 1 Wellington 
Square, Oxford, 0X1 2JA, tel: 865 270374 
or270456,fax: 865 270314. 



Divine Providence 

by Ellie Luchinsky 

Our fall 1 996 meeting took place at Brown Univer- 
sity in Providence, Rhode Island on the rainy afternoon of 
November 9. The weather perhaps reflected the poignancy 
of our recent losses. 

Joel Birenbaum began the meeting by noting the 
passing of Myra Cohn Livingstone, a poet, children's author 
and Society member. Ms. Livingstone had hosted a wonder- 
ful reception in Los Angeles when we had last met there. 

His next sad duty was to report the death of Maxine 
Goldstein Schaefer, the very much beloved and respected 
founding member, who also served as our secretary for twenty 
years. President emeritus August 
Imholtz gave a brief talk about Maxine, 
noting that she was in many ways like 
her favorite Alice character, the Dor- 
mouse. Both of them were the sole repre- 
sentative of their species. 

In her talk to the Society at the 
end of her tenure, titled "Twenty Years 
in a Secretary-ship", she recounted that 
in one year she had answered over six 
thousand letters. Extrapolating from this 
number and including dues and meeting 
notices, she reckoned she had written 
about thirty-eight thousand letters, a 
number with which Charles Dodgson 
would have sympathized. 

If Stan Marx was our Founding 
Father, August continued, then Maxine 
was certainly our Founding Mother, who 
continued her services through seven 
Society presidents. Maxine was also an eager contributor 
and participant in the Schaefer collection of Carrolliana. Even 
before she and David inherited the collection from his mother, 
who started it in the 1 890s, she was adding to it. On their 
honeymoon in Mexico, she instigated a visit to a bookstand 
outside of their hotel, and found a Spanish language Alice, 
which she carried triumphantly back to her mother-in-law. 

The high point of her experience as a Carrollian was 
when she and David were invited to unveil Carroll's memo-' 
rial plaque in Westminster Abbey. The tiger lilies which they 
had placed on the marker remained fresh long after others 
had faded. 

Joel invited other members of the Society to share 
their memories of Maxine. Ellie Luchinsky remembered her 
first meeting with Maxine and David, when she was invited 
to their home and treated so generously. Genevieve Smith 
reminisced about her smile and sense of humor. Maxine, she 
noted, started the tradition of a Carrollian money quote on 
the dues notice, a tradition carried on 
by the two subsequent secretaries. 
CharUe Lovett spoke of the "complete 
bliss" he experienced in the Schaefer 
living room, looking at their collec- 
tion. He recounted his memories of 
the time when The Learning Charmel 
filmed part of a documentary about 
Carroll there. In spite of the huge 
lights, the cameras, and various crew 
members, Maxine took it all in stride, 
offering lunch to everyone as if they 
were her own children. 

Joel ended the memories by 
expressing his gratitude that we had 
had the chance to honor Maxine 
Schaefer when she ended her term as 
secretary, both by giving her a com- 
missioned teapot for her collection, 
and thanking her profusely and re- 
spectfiilly for her long and diligent service. 

The first speaker on the program was Sherrie 
Ackermann-Ballou. Ms. Ballou has a Masters degree in Fine 
Arts and a Ph.D. in Philosophy and Religion. The title of her 
talk was "The Soul of Sylvie". She began by remarking that 
in 1 990 a professor had once asked her if there was anything 
philosophical about the Alice books. She responded by do- 

continued on p. 2 

For help in preparing this issue thanks are due to: Earl Abbe, Richard Boothe, Sandor Burstein, Morton Cohen, 
Elizabeth Erickson, Johana Hurwitz, August Imholtz, Lucille Posner, Kathleen Rossman, and Leonard Wolf 

Cover: "Frog Footman" by Leslie Allen, scratchboard, special commission #5 for the Knight Letter. 

Knight Letter is the official newsletter of the Lewis Carroll Society of North America. It is published several times a 
year and is distributed free to members. Subscriptions, business correspondence, and inquiries should be addressed 
to the Secretary, 1 8 Fitzharding Place, Owing Mills MD 21117. Annual membership dues are U.S. $20 (regular) and $50 
(sustaining). Submissions and editorial correspondence should be sent to the Editor, Box 2006, Mill Valley CA 94942. 

President: Joel Birenbaum, Secretary: Ellie Luchinsky, 

Editor: Mark Burstein, 
Lewis Carroll Society of North America Home Page: 

The Lewis Carroll Home Page: